St. Marcellinus Church in City of Commerce has been designated as the home of the pilgrim images of Our Lady of Guadalupe and St. Juan Diego. The images are a present from Monsignor Diego Monroy, Rector of the Basilica of Guadalupe, to the Archdiocese of Los Angeles. These images have a special mission as they visit different communitites, but they need an appropriate place for the people of God to venerate them. The “Capilla de los Peregrinos” at St. Marcellinus is that place.
Our Lady of Guadalupe’s patronage of churches and families throughout the hemisphere goes back 475 years, yet her message today is as timely as it was in 1531.
Saint Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin
Feast day: December 9.
Beatification date: April 9, 1990 by John Paul II, Vatican City (Ceremony in Mexico on May 6, 1990).
Canonization date: July 31, 2002 by John Paul II
at Our Lady of Guadalupe Basilica (Mexico).
Little is known about the life of Juan Diego before his conversion, but tradition and archaeological and iconographical sources, along with the most important and oldest indigenous document on the event of Guadalupe, “The Nican Mopohua” (written in Náhuatl with Latin characters, 1556, by the Indigenous writer Antonio Valeriano), give some information on the life of the saint and the apparitions.
Juan Diego was born in 1474 with the name “Cuauhtlatoatzin” (“the talking eagle”) in Cuautlitlán, today part of Mexico City, Mexico. He was a gifted member of the Chichimeca people, one of the more culturally advanced groups living in the Anáhuac Valley.
When he was 50 years old, he was baptized by a Franciscan priest, Fr Peter da Gand, one of the first Franciscan missionaries.
On 9 December 1531, when Juan Diego was on his way to morning Mass, the Blessed Mother appeared to him on Tepeyac Hill, the outskirts of what is now Mexico City. She asked him to go to the Bishop and to request in her name that a shrine be built at Tepeyac, where she promised to pour out her grace upon those who invoked her. The Bishop, who did not believe Juan Diego, asked for a sign to prove that the apparition was true.
On 12 December, Juan Diego returned to Tepeyac. Here, the Blessed Mother told him to climb the hill and to pick the flowers that he would find in bloom. He obeyed, and although it was wintertime, he found roses flowering. He gathered the flowers and took them to Our Lady who carefully placed them in his mantle and told him to take them to the Bishop as “proof”. When he opened his mantle, the flowers fell on the ground and there remained impressed, in place of the flowers, an image of the Blessed Mother, and the apparition at Tepeyac.
“The Talking Eagle”